Aloe Vera Juice: Made with organically grown aloe, Mom's aloe is 99.8% pure. It comes with citric acid and sodium benzoate (at a level of 1/10 of 1%) from the manufacturer to preserve it.
Almond Oil: A great moisturizer. Since it is a nut oil, it may cause problems with folks allergic to nuts
Baking Soda: Sodium Bicarbonate, the same as you buy in the baking aisle at your local grocery store.
Beeswax: Natural wax produced in a bee hive. Mom acquires her beeswax locally, and it is unbleached.
Boric Acid: An acid made from borax, found in sea water and most plants. It is sometimes used as an antiseptic for cuts, burns, or as an eyewash. It can also be used as a non-toxic insecticide for roaches and ants.
Canola Oil: The usual canola oil found in the store. Canola oil is a rapeseed plant oil, originally developed in Canada and later cultivated in the United States. The name "canola" was derived from "Canadian oil, low acid" in 1978.
Caustic Potash: Potassium Hydroxide. Used in the same manner and for the same purpose as lye, but is used in the process of liquid and cream soaps.
Citric Acid: A weak organic acid found in citrus fruits. A natural preservative, and an environmentally benign cleaning agent, and an antioxidant.
Coconut Oil: Mom uses white, 92' solid coconut oil. It gives the soaps lather, and helps to make a firm bar. The 92' part helps keep the soaps from melting in the heat of the sun, an important factor at farmer's markets!
Emulsifying Wax: A combination of polysorbate-60 and cetyl stearyl alcohol. Used to keep oils and water-based elements of hand lotion mixed together. The names sound awful, but polysorbate-60 is a wax made from stearic acid (from tallow, see below) and sorbitol, which is an alcohol from berries. Cetyl stearyl alcohol is a fatty alcohol produced from coconuts.
Glycerine: A natural vegetable moisturizer. A natural by-product of soapmaking. Mom adds extra glycerine to the cream soaps and the skin care items. Customers sometimes ask if we carry glycerine soaps. This is because they associate the clear shopping market soaps with glycerine. Those soaps are often full of extra chemicals! Mom's soaps are glycerine soaps also, because we do not have the machines to remove the glycerine that naturally forms when oils are mixed with lye.
Jojoba Oil: A moisturizing oil that is said to be most like human sebum (natural skin oil). It is this property that makes it more readily absorbed by the skin than any other plant oils.
Lanolin: Oil from sheep wool, another terrific moisturizer.
Lard: Pork fat, gives the soap a creamy texture and helps with soil removal. Same stuff that you make pie crust out of!
Lye: Sodium hydroxide, used to change oils into soap through a process called saponification. Mom uses a 5-7% excess fat ratio in all of her soaps (some recipies less, some recipies more), to insure that the lye is totally consumed and changed into soap during the saponification reaction. After the oils become soap, there is no lye left in it. Since lye is used in the process of making soap, you will see it listed among the ingredients on the soap labels.
Olive Oil: Mom uses pomace grade, a medium blend. Sometimes this gives the soap a tan color. Olive oil makes a very mild soap.
Palm Oil & Palm Kernal Oil: Another veggie oil, helps the soaps lather. Palm Kernel oil adds to firmness also.
Phenonip: A paraben preservative to keep mold and bacteria from growing in water based solutions. Natural parabens are found in blueberries. The formula we use is man made, but chemically identical.
Pottassium Sorbate: a salt version of sorbic acid, which is used to inhibit mold. It is not toxic, and was discovered by the French in the 1850s. It is widely used in food preservation. Natural sorbic acid is derived from the mountain ash tree.
Reverse Osmosis Water: Regular well water from deep under the soil of Wisconsin, passed through four filters to purify it to the fullest.
Safflower Oil: A natural source of antioxidants and vitamin E. Mom uses this oil mainly in the body care products.
Shea Butter: An oil from an African Nut tree. A great moisturizer in soaps and body care.
Sodium Benzoate: also called benzoate of soda, a food preservative commonly found in acidic foods like juice and pop. It is found naturally in cranberries, prunes, plums, cinnamon, cloves, and apples.
Stearic Acid: A tallow derivative, gives cream soap and milk soaps their creamy texture.
Sunflower Oil: A nice light oil from sunflower seeds. Gives a small amount of moisturizing, helps soap lather.
Tallow: Beef fat, makes soap harder, and helps lift dirt from soiled surfaces when used in soap. Lends a close, foamy lather to soaps. This makes it especially suited for shaving soaps.